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The history and style of the Medal of Honor

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Medal of Honor (English: Medal of Honor), the highest military medal awarded by the United States established by the U.S. government by the U.S. Congress Act of 1862, is awarded to members of all branches of the U.S. armed forces, including the Army, Navy, For the Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, winners must "risk their lives to show extraordinary bravery and fearlessness in battles with enemies of the United States." Its history can be traced back to 1862 during the American Civil War. It has been issued 3460 times so far, the most recent being in 2016. Members of the navy, land, and air forces are all eligible to be awarded this honor, and the medal of honor awarded by each service has its unique design. It is personally awarded by the President of the United States who is the supreme commander of the U.S. armed forces.


Here is the content list:

l History

l Medal style


The creation of the Medal of Honor can be traced back to the American Civil War in 1861. Before this, from the period of the Independence War to the Mexican-American War in the 1840s, the United States had established medals to commend the bravery of soldiers, but most of them were temporary. It will be repealed after the end. After the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, Senator James Grimes of Iowa suggested that the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Army, General Winfield Scott, establish a permanent honorary commendation for bravery and meritorious deeds. A prominent soldier, but Scott did not accept it. However, this suggestion was accepted by the U.S. Navy. President Lincoln signed a decree on December 21, 1861, establishing the Navy Medal of Valor, granting "the performance of bravery in the current war is different from Ordinary naval officers, sailors, and marines". Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles commissioned the Philadelphia Mint to design and manufacture this military medal.

Medal style

Folding NavyMedal

The US Navy Medal of Honor is composed of a bronze five-star. The top of each foot is decorated with clover and surrounded by a circle of bay leaves. Each corner is decorated with oak leaves. In the center of the medal, a circle made up of 34 stars represents the 34 states of the United States in 1862. Minerva puts the humanity endowed to the United States in the center of the medal. Her left hand is placed on the Roman power which symbolizes power, and her right hand is raised. It is a shield that symbolizes the armed forces of the United States. The medal is hung from the ribbon with an anchor.

Folding Air Force Medal

Surrounded by a green laurel wreath, the main badge is composed of a golden five-star. The top of each foot is decorated with clover, and there are oak leaf ornaments in each corner. The central pattern of the medal is the head of Liberty. The five stars are hung by an ornament that says VALOR, and the ornament includes a thunder and lightning pattern that symbolizes the air force.

Folded Army Medal

A golden five-pointed star, each with clover as decoration. The diagonal is 1 inch wide. The five stars are surrounded by green bay leaves. A small sign that says "VALOR" (valor) is hung on the five stars. On the sign stands an eagle spreading its wings, Minerva among the five stars. The head is surrounded by "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA". On each corner of the five stars, there is a small oak leaf. The reverse side of the small sign with "VALOR" is engraved with "THE CONGRESS TO" and there is an engraving honor.

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