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What are blank coins called?

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-10-23      Origin: Site


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Blank coins, also known by various names and references throughout history, play a significant role in the world of numismatics. These coins, devoid of any design or inscription, are intriguing to collectors and enthusiasts alike. But what are these blank coins actually called? In this article, we will explore the common terminology used to refer to blank coins, as well as delve into some lesser-known names and historical references associated with them.

Common Terminology for Blank Coins

Blank coins, also known as planchets, are metal discs that have not been stamped or engraved with any design or denomination. These coins are used as a blank canvas for creating various types of coins, including commemorative coins, bullion coins, and even circulation coins. Understanding the common terminology associated with blank coins can be helpful for collectors, investors, and anyone interested in numismatics.

One important term to know is "planchet." A planchet refers specifically to the blank disc that will ultimately become a coin. Planchets are typically made of metal, such as gold, silver, copper, or nickel, and they come in various sizes and shapes depending on the intended coin design. These blank discs are usually manufactured by specialized mints or private companies.

Another key term is "blanking." Blanking is the process of cutting or punching out the planchets from large metal sheets. This step is crucial in the coin production process, as it shapes the blank discs that will later be transformed into coins. The blanks are carefully inspected for imperfections before being moved to the next stage of production.

Once the planchets are ready, they undergo a process called "upsetting." Upsetting involves raising the rim of the blank coin to give it the distinctive raised edge that is often associated with coins. This step helps to prevent wear and tear and also enhances the overall appearance of the final coin.

After upsetting, the blank coins go through a series of steps to add the necessary design and details. This process is known as "minting" or "coining." Minting involves using special machines and tools to stamp the design, denomination, and other relevant information onto the planchet. The design can be anything from a national emblem to a historical figure, depending on the purpose of the coin.

Once the coins are minted, they undergo a process called "finishing." Finishing includes various steps such as polishing, buffing, and sometimes even plating the coins to give them their final appearance. This step is crucial in enhancing the visual appeal of the coins and ensuring their longevity.

Lesser-Known Names and Historical References

One of the earliest known instances of blank coins can be traced back to ancient Greece. In the city of Aegina, blank silver coins were produced and used in trade. These blank coins were eventually stamped with various designs and became highly sought after by collectors. The practice of using blank coins as a medium of exchange spread to other ancient civilizations, including Rome and Persia.

In medieval Europe, blank coins played a crucial role in the development of coinage. Mints would produce blank coins in large quantities, which were then distributed to local authorities who would add their own designs and markings. This allowed for a more efficient production process, as coins could be struck on demand. These blank coins also provided an opportunity for counterfeiters to create fake coins, leading to the implementation of various anti-counterfeiting measures.

The significance of blank coins extends beyond their historical context. Today, blank coins are highly valued by collectors for their rarity and uniqueness. These coins often serve as a canvas for modern artisans and engravers to showcase their skills. Intricate designs and patterns are meticulously hand-engraved onto the blank surface, resulting in stunning pieces of numismatic art.


The article emphasizes the importance of understanding the terminology associated with blank coins in the field of numismatics. It explains the various processes involved in creating unique and valuable coins, such as the planchet, minting, and finishing. The article suggests that having knowledge of these terms can enhance one's appreciation and understanding of blank coins, whether you are a collector, investor, or simply curious about coins. It also highlights the significance of blank coins in the history of coinage, offering a tangible connection to the past. The article concludes by stating that blank coins continue to captivate collectors and enthusiasts worldwide, as they hold the potential to be transformed into unique works of art and leave a lasting legacy for future generations.

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